Close to 35 million pastoralists graze India’s forests, grasslands, and farm fallows. They are a familiar sight by the roadside, as they migrate between summer and winter grazing grounds, often over hundreds of kilometres. Their many contributions have rarely received the recognition they have deserved, as mainstream society has tended to see pastoralism as an outdated mode of life. They are “keepers of genes”, custodians of India’s remarkable animal diversity; they are significant contributors to our dairy and meat industries; and their music and crafts find resonance and expression in much of what we see as mainstream culture. Perhaps most critically, pastoralist mobility, as an adaptive response to the climatic extremes they experience, marks them out as communities particularly well adapted to a changing climate regime. The Centre for Pastoralism, a Sahjeevan initiative, hopes to undertake research aimed at enhancing our understanding of pastoralist ecosystems, develop collaborative programs to enhance livelihood security,and outreach activities to educate the wider society about pastoralists contributions to the mainstream.